Guidelines for Users and Contributors

Guidelines for Users and Contributors

Guidelines regarding entry texts

  • Please send your entry manuscript and associated documents as attachments to
  • Use UK English spelling throughout.
  • Each entry should be between 300 and 3000 words.
  • The title should be factual (what happened) and straightforward.
  • Please include an abstract that is no longer than 2 lines, and 3-8 keywords.
  • Please add a footnote to your name to indicate your email address, current institutional affiliation and acknowledgements (if any).
  • The entry uses one level of headings, or no headings if the text is short.
  • For foreign currencies, please provide exchange rates to the US Dollars in the text in round brackets.
  • Please use double quotation marks for literal quotation and direct speech, and single for emphasis and catchwords.
  • Use three dots in round brackets for omissions (...)
    • We use footnotes for background information and for references.
    • The references must include the following information:
    • When referring to websites, please indicate the date you visited the site. We strongly recommend using reliable sources which are likely to have permanent web presence. 
    • Please use the following citation style:
         [Name], [Year], [Title], [Medium/Publisher], [URL]

Calvo Pérez, Julio (ed.). 2000. Territory. Frankfurt am Main: Vervuert Verlag.

Demmer, Josefien and Han Overman. 2001. Indigenous People Conserving the Rainforest? Wageningen: Tropenbos International.

King, Viktor. 1996. Sociology. In: Halib Mohammed and Tim Huxley (eds.). An Introduction to Southeast Asian Studies. London and New York: Tauris Publisher, pp. 148–188.

Robotham, Don. 1980. Pluralism as an Ideology. Social and Economic Studies 29(1): 69–89.

Kington, Tom. 2020. As Italy extends quarantine zone, many flee; angry officials tell them to go back. Los Angeles Times. 8 March 2020. Available online at: Last accessed 14 January 2021.

Guidelines regarding the use of images

Tables, maps and illustrations should be submitted separately from the text but to the same email address. Please indicate in your text where they should appear [PHOTO 1 ABOUT HERE], [TABLE 3 ABOUT HERE], and insert a caption in the same place.

By default, internet images cannot be used freely, as they belong to their authors. This applies to pictures from press agencies, newspapers, and social media. However, images uploaded under certain licenses can be used for free, under different conditions. Most of these licenses are Creative Commons (CC). For more information about CC licenses, please see their website. Otherwise, if a picture does not have the proper license, citing its source is not enough.

If you are the author of the photo or video, in principle you need the depicted persons’ consent for publication, which can be obtained verbally. If this is not the case, then a balancing of interests will be applied, namely balancing the public’s interest in accessing information against the interest of the persons depicted.

If you are using images created by others, we need permissions from the author for publication. The permission can be in the form of an email statement like this:

I grant my permission to Mr/Ms XX to use my image of XX, originally published on the website XX, to be republished in his/her article XX, on the website of XX. Mr/Ms XX has agreed to acknowledge that I am the author of the image.

Videos should be in Full HD (1920x1080), and we recommend the .mp4 format.

Photos should be in the highest resolution possible, in the formats of .jpg, .tiff, or .png. No compression is needed.

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